New Routing in Laravel 11: A Guide to Advanced Configuration

 Laravel, the PHP framework renowned for its elegant syntax and robust features, is set to enhance its routing capabilities in the upcoming Laravel 11 release. This version introduces a more streamlined and intuitive approach to routing, a cornerstone feature defining how web applications respond to HTTP requests. As Laravel continues to evolve, it aims to simplify the developer’s workflow while offering the flexibility needed for modern web development. This article explores the new routing configuration in Laravel 11, focusing on the incorporation of API routes and the customization options available for advanced use cases like API versioning and prefixing.

New Routing in Laravel 11: A Guide to Advanced Configuration

Laravel 11’s Routing Revolution

In Laravel 11, the framework takes a significant leap forward by redefining how routes are configured. This version introduces a method that allows developers to set up their routing directly within the application’s bootstrap file app.php. This innovative approach is not only more efficient but also enhances readability and maintainability by centralizing routing configurations. Below is an example of how the new Laravel 11 app.php bootstrap file looks:


 withRouting() Pass peramiter


use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Application;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Configuration\Exceptions;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Configuration\Middleware;

return Application::configure(basePath: dirname(__DIR__))
        web: __DIR__.'/../routes/web.php',
        api: __DIR__.'/../routes/api.php',
        commands: __DIR__.'/../routes/console.php',
        health: '/up',
        then: function ($router) {
    ->withMiddleware(function (Middleware $middleware) {
    ->withExceptions(function (Exceptions $exceptions) {

Enabling API Routes: The Laravel 11 Way

One of the key features of this new routing system is the ease with which API routes can be enabled. By uncommenting the api: parameter and ensuring the api.php route file exists, developers can swiftly set up their API routes. Laravel 11 further simplifies this process with the php artisan install:api command, automating the creation of the api.php file and installing Laravel Sanctum for API authentication. Additionally, php artisan install:broadcasting can be used for setting up broadcasting channels.

Beyond the Basics: Customizing API Routing

While the streamlined approach caters to most routing needs, Laravel 11 acknowledges the complexity of modern web applications, such as the necessity for API versioning and prefixing. It introduces a closure parameter then: and passes the Illuminate\Foundation\Application container, allowing for more customization within the withRouting method, offering a powerful yet simple way to customize routing configurations directly.

This approach demonstrates Laravel’s commitment to flexibility, allowing developers to implement advanced routing features such as API versioning seamlessly. By leveraging the Route facade, developers can define version-specific prefixes, middleware, and even separate route files for different API versions, all within the app.php bootstrap file. This contrasts with the traditional method of using the RouteServiceProvider.

Traditional vs. New Routing in Laravel 11

Comparing Laravel 11’s new routing method with traditional approaches reveals a significant shift towards simplification and centralization. Previously, managing complex routing logic often required a dedicated RouteServiceProvider, leading to a dispersed routing configuration. Laravel 11's method, however, consolidates this configuration, offering a clear and concise overview of all routes within a single location.

Wrapping Up

Laravel 11 is poised to offer developers an even more streamlined and efficient framework for web development, with its new routing capabilities at the forefront of this evolution. By simplifying the routing configuration process while providing the flexibility needed for complex applications, Laravel 11 ensures that developers have the best tools at their disposal. Whether you’re building a simple web application or a complex API with versioning requirements, Laravel 11’s routing system is designed to support your development journey, embodying the framework’s philosophy of simplicity without compromise.

Important Notice: As of this article’s publication, Laravel 11 has not yet been officially released. Please be aware that details and features discussed may be subject to change upon its final release.

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